The aims of the study were to investigate differences between employees who do and do not experience discomfort when working alone at night and to establish a clearer understanding of the nature of this type of discomfort. Of 353 shift workers completing a questionnaire, 95 felt discomfort when working alone at night, 76 never experienced discomfort when working at night, and 70 never worked alone at night. Those who experienced discomfort had significantly higher scores on insomnia, physical fatigue, digestive troubles, and neuroticism and significantly lower scores on work mastery compared to those who did not experience discomfort. Work mastery was most important. This is the first study identifying the shift work tolerance, personality, and work mastery factors associated with discomfort resulting from working alone at night.
Keywords: discomfort, night work, personality, shift work tolerance, solitary work, work mastery.
Contact information: Ingvild Saksvik-Lehouillier, Department of Psychology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Dragvoll, 7491 Trondheim, Norway. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Received: 9 March 2015. Accepted: 19 November 2015. Published: 5 December 2015.
Acknowledgement: Thanks to the participants in the municipality, to Vegard Stolsmo Foldal for help with the data collection, and to Linda Dix-Cooper for valuable comments on the manuscript.
Competing interests: The author reports no conflict of interest. The author alone is responsible for the contents and writing of this paper.
This is a peer-reviewed paper.